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‘History can never be truth for if it were to be even close we would call it “now”‘



Translation revealed…

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My people
Do you know what time we are in now?
It is time to remember
To remember
To remember life
My people
We’ve rested so long in sleep
Far too long
Let us arise
Let us arise and remember
Remember life
Wise people and fools
Beautiful stars and powerful suns
Children and Elders of Africa


Can we remember the time before

The arrival of Europeans to Africa?

The time before we were dispersed all over this earth

Before slavery

Before colonialism

Before exploitation

Before the heart of Africa began bleeding


Who caused all of this suffering?

We know

We know

And remember

We did not forget

Remember and be prepared


Who ignores the truth?

Who ignores the history?

Who can forget our suffering?

In slavery

In exploitation of colonialism


We survived

We survived


Our enemy will be brought before justice
He cannot hide from the eyes of the ancestors
Remember and stand


Birds have feathers because they were passed down to them by other birds
Where is the returning path (to our way)?
Look back and feel the unseen power of remembrance
Because our Ancestors are with us
They are our strength
Our ancestors work very hard on our behalf
We also, we must work very hard
To help our children and change life on earth

Life is tying and untying
But you must remember
Look back
And remember

We are at a crossroads
Between life and death
Who will show us the way?
Who will open the path?

It is
Train your mind
Train your mind
To remember and to heal
To remember and to destroy

To hold onto that which holds you up
Do not give it away

Rise up
Sing a new song

Remember our traditions
Let’s return
To our institutions
To our order

For Change
For Justice
For Balance
For Life


 by Kwadwo Nkita-Mayala

Original poem

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Yεada akyε

Berε tenteenten ara

Ma yεnsɔre

Yεnsɔre nkae

Kae Nkwa

Banyansafoɔ ne Nkwaseafoɔ

Nsoromma afεfε ne Ahoɔden mu Awia-Awia

Abibiman Mpanimfoɔ ne mmɔfra



Yεtumi kae mmerε ansa na

aborɔfoɔ duruu Abibiman mu?

Ansa na yεasensam wiase nyinaa soɔ

Ansa na sonkahyirebɔ ne nkoasom

Ansa na nhyεsoɔ mu atubra

Ansa na apoobɔ

Ansa na Abibiman korona fitii mogyahwieguo aseε


Hwan na ɔfaa ayayadeε yi nyinaa baeε?



Na yεkae

Yεn werε amfiri

Onua…kae, na da wo ho soɔ

Hwan na ɔmfa nokorε mmu adwe?

Hwan na ɔmfa abakɔsεm mmu adwe?

Hwan na ne werε bεtumi afiri yεn ya(w)

Wɔ nkoasom mu

Wɔ nhyεsoɔ mu, wɔ apoobɔ mu

Eyi nkamfua(w)

Yεkyee adeε

Yεkyee adeε


Yεde yεn tamfoɔ bεba atεmmufoɔ bi anim

Ɔntumi nhinta ne ho afiri yεn Nananom ani


Kae na gyina


Anomaa wɔ ntakra, n’anomaa na ɔde gyaa no no



Sankɔkwan no wɔ he nie?

Bu wo nkɔmpɔ hwε w’akyi agya, na te nkaeε ho tumi a ani gyangyan ntumi nhunu

Ɛfiri sε, yεn Nananom ne yεn gyina

Wɔɔnom yε yεn ahoɔden

Yεn Nananom si nketekrakye yε adwuma denneennen ma yεn

Yεn nso, εwɔ sε yεmia yεn ani de nsi ne anem yε adwuma

Aboa yεn mma na asakra asaase so asetena

Nkwa yε apɔ(w)bɔ ne apɔ(w)saneε

Mmom, monkae

Fa ahopakyi hwε akyiri

Na kae
Yεwɔ nkwantanan bi so

Wɔ Nkwa ne owuo ntam(u)

Hwan na ɔbεkyerε yεn kwan no

Hwan na ɔbεbue kwan no

Yεn ara

Bεyεn w’adwene

Bεyεn wo tumi

Nkaeε ne ayaresa ntira

Nkaeε ne aweretɔ ntira



Wɔ “so deε εso wo mu no mu” so

Mfa mma obi adɔesatorɔ mu


Kentene wo ho

To dwom foforɔ bi

Kae yεn amammerε


Yεn amanneε hɔ

Yεn nhyehyεe ne ayεsu hɔ


Nsakrae ntira


Treneesεm ntira


Adεnnεn ntira


Nkwa ntira


Nkabom mu



by Kwadwo Nkita-Mayala

Emotion vs. Reason

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Emotion definition :

A mental state that arises spontaneously rather than through conscious effort and is often accompanied by physiological changes.

Reason definition:


The mental powers concerned with forming conclusions, judgments, or inferences.

to think or argue in a logical manner.
From these definitions I think that in a way emotion is linked with reason, with the definition of reason the noun. I think that emotion can be the mental power for us to act and the stronger one as well. In my opinion emotion is so much more powerful than reason as emotion can overtake you and drive you to do things that even though by reasoning you would normally go against.
There is a quote in the text book by Antonio Damasio saying ‘cool-headed people have prefrontal damage’. This just shows how much emotion and the varieties in emotion are meant to change us.
Between reason and emotion, I would vote emotion as being the more valuable/special and reason less so because to me, sometimes reason is just based on facts that other people have come up with and just reproduced knowledge and intelligence but emotion is more real, more personal. When given a specific fact and asked to reason nearly everyone could come up with the same answer but when given a picture, the amount of different ways people can respond to it and feel about it is infinate. Emotion in my opinion is to an extent what makes us unique, what shapes our character and is what makes us who we are as individuals.
Rhianna x


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Today’s session was very interesting.

The discussion about how people supress their emotions and their true thoughts and how children are so honest reminded me of this poem by the Nigerian poet, Gabriel Okara…

Once Upon A Time

Once upon a time, son,
they used to laugh with their hearts
and laugh with their eyes:
but now they only laugh with their teeth,
while their ice-block-cold eyes
search behind my shadow.

There was a time indeed
they used to shake hands with their hearts:
but that’s gone, son.
Now they shake hands without hearts:
while their left hands search
my empty pockets.

‘Feel at home’! ‘Come again’:
they say, and when I come
again and feel
at home, once, twice,
there will be no thrice –
for then I find doors shut on me.

So I have learned many things, son.
I have learned to wear many faces
like dresses – homeface,
officeface, streetface, hostface,
cocktailface, with all their conforming smiles
like a fixed portrait smile.
And I have learned too
to laugh with only my teeth
and shake hands without my heart.
I have also learned to say, ‘Goodbye’,
when I mean ‘Good-riddance’;
to say ‘Glad to meet you’,
without being glad; and to say ‘It’s been
nice talking to you’, after being bored.

But believe me, son.
I want to be what I used to be
when I was like you. I want
to unlearn all these muting things.
Most of all, I want to relearn
how to laugh, for my laugh in the mirror
shows only my teeth like a snake’s bare fangs!

So show me, son,
how to laugh; show me how
I used to laugh and smile
once upon a time when I was like you.


Rhianna x


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I found these fallacies:

An example of false analogy:

Students should be allowed to look at their textbooks during examinations. After all, surgeons have X-rays to guide them during an operation, lawyers have briefs to guide them during a trial, carpenters have blueprints to guide them when they are building a house. Why, then, shouldn’t students be allowed to look at their textbooks during an examination?

Post hoc ergo propter hoc:

Latin for “after this, therefore because of this.” A fallacy that occurs when someone reaches a conclusion of causation because an event followed another event.

Example: “It started to rain after my ice cream cone fell on the ground. Therefore, my ice cream falling on the ground caused it to rain.”

Examples of Appeal to Fear:

You know, Professor Smith, I really need to get an A in this class. I’d like to stop by during your office hours later to discuss my grade. I’ll be in your building anyways, visiting my father. He’s your dean, by the way. I’ll see you later.”

“I don’t think a Red Ryder BB rifle would make a good present for you. They are very dangerous and you’ll put your eye out. Now, don’t you agree that you should think of another gift idea?”


I think that  fallacies are very interesting as they give you an insight on what someone may be thinking and the logic and reason for someone coming to a conclusion. In the first two fallacies, it is interesting and quite funny to see how a person has analysed/looked at the situation and has come to a conclusion, we can see the logic behind them however, the first one is never going to happen because exams are meant to test if we know stuff and the second one is completely untrue. I also think it is interesting to see the fear ones, to me it is interesting how a simple fact can completely change your thoughts, actions and reasoning.

Whilst finding these fallacies, I came across an interesting question:

‘Is love a fallacy?’

Rhianna x


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I think that it is upsetting that languages die and are continuing to die. I feel that history is also dying along with it as language can say so much about a culture and the people. I think that is inevitable though that language will change and that some languages will no longer be around, but that some languages will also grow stronger for example the bait ones like Manderin and Spanish etc. as more people are learning these languages because there is a great benefit since it will help us in our careers as they are widely spoken all over the world. With today’s world, I think that language is rapidly changing. I believe that ‘net language’ empowers our language because with me, many of these phrases wouldn’t be used if there were no abbriviations as they are just too long to use. Therefore, using these abbreviations, in my opinion keeps these phrases alive. In the near future, I see slang coming into the language more and also, old expresssions and words would be on their way out or will develop a new meaning for things. If you look at out generation, and the language we speak, this is the language of the future and it will keep on developing.

Rhianna x

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